Documentary Editing offers clear and detailed strategies for tackling every stage of the documentary editing process, from organizing raw footage and building select reels to fine cutting and final export. Written by a Sundance award- winning documentary editor with a dozen features to his credit and containing examples from over 100 films, this book presents a step-by-step guide for how to turn seemingly shapeless footage into focused scenes, and how to craft a structure for a documentary of any length. The book contains insights and examples from seven of America’s top documentary editors, including Geoffrey Richman (The Cove, Sicko), Kate Amend (The Keepers, Into the Arms of Strangers), and Mary Lampson (Harlan County U.S.A.), and a companion website contains easy-to-follow video tutorials. Written for both practitioners and enthusiasts, Documentary Editing offers unique and invaluable insights into the documentary editing process.
By Jacob Bricca, ACE Routledge 246 pages | 100 B/W Illus. Paperback: 9781138675735 pub: 2017-12-18
Table of Contents
Acknowledgements Introduction: The Construction of Meaning in Documentaries Principles of Documentary Editing Your Documentary Editing Panel Part I: Setting the Stage for a Successful Edit Chapter 1: Planning Your Schedule Documentary Schedules: How Many Weeks? Chapter 2: Organizing Your Footage File Organization on Your Hard Drives Bringing The Files Into Your NLE A Clean Window on Your Footage: The Feng Shui of File Structure Documents You Will Need Chapter 3: Everyday Work Practices Work in Stages Focus The Vital Importance of Taking Breaks Duplicate and Archive: Leaving a Trail of Breadcrumbs Behind You Scraps Sequences & Alternate Shots The Director/Editor Relationship: Working Together and Working Alone Part II: Finding Patterns Chapter 4: Viewing and Digesting Chapter 5: Making Select Reels Creating Source-Based Select Reels Creating Topic-Based Select Reels Chapter 6: Refining Select Reels Drawing Initial Conclusions About Your Narrative From Your Select Reels A Fork in the Road Part IIIa: Constructing and Refining Scenes Chapter 7: Evidentiary Editing: Building Interview-Based Scenes Constructing the Framework: Anchor with Audio Finding "Hinge Clips" Stitch Together the Seams with Cutaways Smoothing Edits Chapter 8: Verité Editing: Building Observational Scenes Build Up or Trim Down: Two Options for Finding "The Good Bits" Invisible or Self-Referential? Microbeats: Sculpting Human Behavior Onscreen Body Language Verité Cutaways Workarounds for Insufficient Cutaway Material Making Amalgam Scenes Integrating Audio from Unrelated Scenes Mixing Evidentiary and Verité Editing with the "Pop-in" Moment Chapter 9: Building Montages Media Montages Part IIIb: Building the Rough Cut Chapter 10: Choosing and Framing Footage A Hierarchy of Experience A Hierarchy of Intervention The Limits of Verité Chapter 11: The Fundamentals of Narrative Text and Subtext Experimentation Chapter 12: Working with Narrative The First Scene The Beginning The Middle Endings Reshoots Creating Meaning Through Association and Juxtaposition Alternative Approaches to Narrative Chapter 13: Working with Details Music Archival Material and Stock Shots Reenactments Graphics and Animations Lower Thirds Location Cards Subtitles Chapter 14: Working with Time Marking Time Rhythm Pacing Dynamics Pauses Transitions Part IV: The Refining Process Chapter 15: Feedback Evaluating the Work and Taking Direction Why Hold a Rough Cut Screening? Tips for a Successful Rough Cut Screening Interpreting Notes Chapter 16: Fine Cut to Final Cut and Beyond Clarity Is King Trimming Scenes Down Cutting Scenes To Remove Redundancy Cutting Scenes To Improve Narrative or Emotional Logic Removing Unnecessary Pauses & Utterances Inspecting and Improving Cutaways Moving Backwards: Overcutting and How to Avoid It Picture Lock and Beyond Part V: Seeing It All Come Together: Analyses of Four Films Chapter 17:Analyses of Two Feature Documentaries My Kid Could Paint That An Inconvenient Truth Chapter 18: Analyses of Two Short Documentaries Skip Hotel 22 Appendix Appendix A: List of Films Cited Appendix B: Case Studies of Schedules for Feature Documentaries Appendix C: Documents You Will Need
"Anyone involved in the intellectually-challenging and labor-intensive work of documentary editing will find this book an essential companion. Whether you are a novice editor or an experienced hand, Bricca's unwavering faith in the process of editing will guide you securely down the bumpy road to the finished film." —Julie Sloane, Tisch School of the Arts, New York University "Jacob Bricca’s Documentary Editing is a critical addition to the documentary filmmaker, editor, or professor’s collection. In fifteen years of filmmaking and teaching I have not come across such a straight-forward, cohesive, and useful manual for how to tackle that most daunting of challenges: editing the documentary film." —Sally Rubin, Documentary Filmmaker, Editor; Professor, Chapman University "The book finishes up with an analysis of four films, two feature length and two short. Along the way a multitude of other narrative documentaries are discussed and analyzed. Bricca's writing is clear and focused." —Conrad J. Obregon "Author, educator and film editor Jacob Bricca asks the question in the introduction to this how-to book on editing the documentary and then spends the next 240 pages providing a very satisfying answer. He clearly reminds us of the difference and relative ease of editing a narrative fiction film, in which ‘by and large, we already know the intention of every scene and the approximate purpose of every shot.’ Compare that to the twists and turns that often occur in the filming process of documentary, where the filmmaker may think they are making one film at the start, and by the end of filming, the meaning or purpose of the available footage is still debatable. It is a well-accepted truism that in documentary film practice ‘the story is created in the editing room.’ There is much to recommend in this book for teaching in film production classes, but as a writer I found that certain elements could be applied to my own editing in words, rather than pictures. Ultimately, Bricca unravels the complexity of editing, demystifying the art of storytelling in the process." —Cynthia Close, Documentary Magazine, Fall 2018; "Reality Ink: The Zen of Editing: A Primer"
About the Author
Jacob Bricca, ACE is an Assistant Professor at the University of Arizona's School of Theatre, Film and Television, where he teaches classes on editing and documentary filmmaking. A member of the American Cinema Editors, he has edited over a dozen feature films, including the international theatrical hit Lost In La Mancha, the New Yorker Films theatrical release Con Artist, the Independent Lens Audience Award Winner Jimmy Scott: If You Only Knew, and the Sundance Special Jury Prize winner The Bad Kids. His directing credits includePure, which screened at the 2008 Berlin International Film Festival, and Finding Tatanka, which premiered at the 2014 Big Sky Documentary Film Festival.